Learn all about rosehip and its health benefits against arthritis and more!
Today we will inform ourselves all about rosehip. It is the edible fruit of some rose plants, especially dog rose, and is one of my all-time favorite superfoods.
It offers much more than processing in fruit tea; the rosehip is packed with nutrients and has been established in naturopathy for thousands of years. Science is now discovering its advantages, too.
The red fruits are absolute secret weapons in joint diseases (arthritis and arthrosis), contain a lot of vitamins and antioxidants, and rosehip oil* is the big newcomer in the cosmetics industry.
People often add rose hips to food supplements, because they contain significant amounts of vitamin C, as well as polyphenols (ellagic acid), lycopene (pro-vitamin A), vitamin E and unsaturated fatty acids.
They very effectively inhibit inflammation in the body, especially in the joints. And that is just the beginning of a number of advantages that these small, inconspicuous fruits hold.
Here you get an overview of rosehips, rosehip tea, rosehip powder* and why you benefit from them.
Rosehip – origin and nutritional facts
We can find rose plants predominantly in the northern hemisphere. Rosehips are the edible fruits of various non-toxic rose plants.
They bloom in spring and ripen in autumn, just like apples and pears. They vary in size, shape and color, with a deep red or a strong orange toning.
Are rosehips edible?
Yes, they are. However, not all fruits of rose plants are edible, which is why you should only harvest wild rose hips. And only if you are really certain.
They are large shrubs, not plants growing on the ground. The greatest risk of confusion is with the belladonna.
This is one deadly nightshade that looks just like a cherry, and which not only damages the liver but also triggers hallucinations.
If you want to harvest wild rose hips, it is best to take a picture of a shrub and the corresponding fruits, and take the following tip to heart: Before you harvest a shrub, try a single fruit.
If it is bitter, keep your hands off it. If it tastes sweet and sour and there are large, slightly furry kernels in it, then you’ve come to the right place!
The bitter note quickly tells you whether it is something else (most likely poisonous). In this case, your sense of taste will help you decide whether something is edible or not.
30 g fresh rose hips contain the following nutrients:
11 g carbohydrates
7 g of fiber
0 g fat
120 mg vitamin C
1200 I.U. Vitamin A (pro-vitamin A, i.e. the preliminary stage, in the form of lycopene, which can also be found in tomatoes)
0.3 mg manganese
7.3 µg vitamin K (vitamin K1) More about vitamin K2, the bone vitamin & its importance
1.6 mg vitamin E.
47 mg of calcium
20 mg magnesium
120 mg of potassium
Let that affect you for a moment … That’s a lot, isn’t it?
What exactly are the advantages of rosehip?
Why should you eat these red fruits now? Or first: Why should you read on here at all?
I like to write about superfoods that really deserve the name. In other words, foods that grow in our environment that have been used in naturopathy for thousands of years and do not have to be transported halfway around the world, such as moringa or maca.
Rosehips are underrated, well-tried and healthy fruits that are worth writing about. Similar superfoods that I have already written articles about are olive oil, ginger, turmeric, cocoa, apple cider vinegar, beetroot, etc.
Scientific studies show that rose hips have a number of impressive benefits
The vitamin C content in rose hips is very impressive and far above that of fruit or berries. To be exact, they have 10 times the amount. The daily requirement of vitamin C is officially 100 mg, with the optimum for health being 200-500 mg.
This is important to control inflammation in the body, to strengthen the immune system, to regenerate the intestine and to recharge the body’s antioxidant glutathione.
In stressful phases or when I have overdone it with sports, I like to use vitamin C and N-acetyl-cysteine, so that my body regenerates better.
Rosehips are very rich in vitamin C, and I personally prefer it to the synthetic variant, because in these red fruits the vitamin C comes with impressive nutrients: fiber, minerals and a whole lot of bioactive antioxidants.
The immune system needs vitamin C to fight pathogens. A little more than the officially recommended 100 mg are important to support the body, especially in stressful phases.
Weight Loss Aid
Are rosehips support to fight obesity? Maybe – according to some studies! A randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study (gold standard) in 2015 examined the effects of rosehips on test subjects for a full twelve weeks.
During this time, the patients were divided into two groups. One group received a placebo, the other group 100 mg rosehip extract (which is not a lot).
The scientists found that daily supplementation with a little extract had a positive effect on the following factors: belly fat, body weight, body mass index – and significantly! The test subjects only slimmed down with a few rosehips!
Not bad, right? If 100 mg of extract leads to this result, what can only a handful of fresh fruits do?
Help with arthritis
Rose hips of the Rosa canina variety (dog rose) help very well against arthritis if toe takes them daily. It has been shown that rosehip ingredients can block the activation of certain proteins in cartilage tissue. A little more precise: proteins that have to do with cartilage breakdown.
The ingredients thus inhibit the breakdown of cartilage, at the same time they provide important building blocks for building new cartilage tissue and reducing inflammation in addition to boosting vitamin C and antioxidants.
You’ve probably heard of astaxanthin, the super antioxidant, haven’t you? Astaxanthin is one of the most powerful antioxidants on earth and can be used very effectively against inflammation, cartilage damage, bone diseases, sunburn and more.
A study on skin health compared rosehips to astaxanthin. The investigation revealed that both substances have a similarly strong effect. In a direct comparison, I would even say that the red fruits are ahead because they are cheaper and contain a wide range of nutrients.
You can hope for the following effects:
Better skin moisture
Better skin elasticity
This is not what I say, but scientific studies.
Could help against cancer
I’m not a big cancer expert, I admit that frankly. However, a quick look at the literature showed me that rosehip extract apparently has a very positive effect on breast cancer. More specifically, in breast cancer cells in cell culture.
This could also be shown in future studies for breast cancer in vivo (in humans) and perhaps also for other types of cancer.
Let’s see. Because obviously, rosehip extract can inhibit anomalies in two important growth proteins in cancer cells: MAPK and AKT2.
How to apply rosehip?
It is not yet exactly clear what substances are so effective for arthritis and arthrosis. However, it is certain that these substances will not be released if you enjoy the rosehip in the form of rosehip tea.
It is a delicious fruit tea that is sure to contain some antioxidants, but you cannot hope for the numerous health effects of rosehip tea.
Harvested, dried and ground wild rose hips make valuable rosehip powder. In this form, they are my favorite personally, because they also grind the kernels and consequently you absorb their nutrients too.
The taste is sweet and sour, not as sweet as in other fruits or berries. The riper the fruits, the sweeter and more delicious they are.
Use of rosehip powder
Among the various forms of red fruit, the powder is my number one because it is tasty and practical. Many good manufacturers offer it.
It is important when buying that it is organic certified and gently dried. This means that the product still contains all of the bioactive ingredients 100%. The icing on the cake for me is when it comes from the wild collection.
How do I use rosehip powder?
Add to smoothies
Add to cereal
Together with vanilla in a custard
Bake with it
You can, of course, also use it to make jam, syrup, cakes and pies or add it to your bread so that it tastes a bit fruity. I personally use it only in smoothies and in muesli/cereal. Occasionally also in my dessert with vanilla.
I recommend combining it with apples or berries because the flavors complement each other well and rosehips are not that sweet by nature.
Small reminder: If you suffer from joint diseases or chronic pain or have a chronic inflammatory disease, take a little powder every day.
I recommend a tablespoon daily, that amount is fine, but it shouldn’t be more. For me, a tablespoon seems to be ideal, but less can be enough as well. You will find your own perfect amount.
Unfortunately, the powder is not 100% water-soluble, which is why I put it in smoothies or in muesli. You can of course just add it to the water, stir and drink.
With some apple cider vinegar and honey, this is certainly a tasty option. Just make sure you shake, stir or better yet blend it well.
Are there any risks or side effects?
If you are taking rosehip powder* for the first time, stick to a moderate amount (1 teaspoon). Simply dissolve it in the water, stir and drink. And watch the body: Are there reactions? All well?
I write this because in very rare cases there can be a cross allergy with nightshade plants. Possible symptoms include nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, headache, fatigue and sleep problems.
This happens extremely rarely and only if there is a strong allergy that you already know about and then if too much rosehip powder has been taken. That’s why I recommend not taking more than a tablespoon a day, not even for arthritis. A tablespoon is more than sufficient.
For the following diseases, please dose in small amounts and consult with the doctor, because the high vitamin C content can lead to side effects:
Type 2 diabetes
Sickle cell anemia
A tendency to kidney stones
G6PD deficiency (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency)
Taking sulfasalazine, mesalazine or aspirin
Pregnant women are advised against rosehip powder* and rosehip in common because they do not know whether anything in the fruit has a negative effect on the child. Better be safe than sorry.
You shouldn’t be unsettled now, but I want to protect you. Some natural remedies are so effective that you should be aware of certain side effects or symptoms of an overdose. This is not the case with rosehip.
As I mentioned above, I love rosehips and never had any problems with it.
I grew up with them, and my friends and I ate a lot of rosehip jam, drank tea and got them from the shrub in our little park. Often we ate the rosehip berries and even the flower petals just like that, and no one ever got sick.
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